Basic country data

  • Population 60 and over (2018)
  • 13,558,920
  • % of total
  • 10.4%
  • Population 60 and over (2050)
  • 40,384,425
  • % of total
  • 30.9%
  • Does the country have a social pension?
  • Yes
  • Region
  • Latin America & Caribbean
  • Income group
  • Upper middle income

Data on social pensions

Pensión para Adultos Mayores

Basic scheme information

Data on social pensions

  • Name of pension or programme
  • Pensión para Adultos Mayores
  • Year first social pension introduced
  • 2001
  • Administrative Organisation
  • Secetria de deserrollo social
  • Legislative Underpinning
  • Seguridad Social Universal


Government of Mexico: Program information

Eligibility criteria

  • Age of eligibility
  • 65
  • Targeting approach
  • Pensions-tested
  • Detailed eligibility criteria
  • -Age 65 and over -Mexican citizens or Non-nationals who have lived in Mexico for over 25 years -If enrolled in the elderly component of the Oportunidades conditional cash transfer program, they must waive their right to benefit from that program- -Receive no more than $1,092 Mexican pesos from retirement and contributive pension plans.
  • References and notes


Government of Mexico: Program information




HelpAge calculation


  • Total cost (local currency)
  • 35,496,000,000 Pesos
  • Cost as % of GDP
  • 0.2%
  • References and notes

65 y mas

In late 2012 it was announced that a new pension, 65 y mas, would replace the 70 y mas programme in 2013. 65 y mas will provide a monthly benefit of 525 pesos (US$43) a month and aims to cover all older people without a pension. Enrollment has now begun and payments are expected to begin in the second half of the year to 5.6 million people. This is a significant expansion of the 70 y mas programme, reaching an additional 2.5 million people.

Universal Pension in Chiapas state

Chiapas state, in the south of Mexico, has provided a universal social pension for its residents since 2007. The programme, called Amanecer, provides 550 pesos (US$41) a month to 238,000 older people living in the state. Read more about the programme at Larry Willmore's Thought du Jour blog.

Means-tested Pension in Colima State

Colima State, in the west of Mexico, has provided a means-tested pension since 2005. In 2012 the programme reached 3474 older people and provided a transfer level of 1,772 pesos (US$135) a year. Read more about the pension at Larry Willmore's Thought du Jour blog.

Watch Don Eleno Flores, in a video made by the Government of Mexico, talk about what 70 y mas means to him (Spanish only).

Social Protection for Older People in Mexico

The following presentation, in Spanish, was made at an international seminar hosted by the International Labour Organisation and HelpAge International in May 2012 on "Social Security Systems in Latin America: Challenges for the Extension of Social Protection Coverage in the Andean Region". The presentation by Ramiro Ornelas, Mexico's representative at the seminar, describes social protection for older people in Mexico.

Resources on the pension in Mexico

Social pensions database

Explore the Social pensions database


Calculate the cost of a universal pension in your country