Basic country data

  • Population 60 and over (2018)
  • 12,440,998
  • % of total
  • 7.5%
  • Population 60 and over (2050)
  • 44,500,573
  • % of total
  • 26.8%
  • Total pension coverage*
  • 39%
  • Type of contributory pension
  • Civil servant pension only
  • Does the country have a social pension?
  • Yes
  • Region
  • South Asia
  • Income group
  • Lower middle income

% of older people (65+) receiving a pension, by type

Data on social pensions

Old Age Allowance

Basic scheme information

Data on social pensions

  • Name of pension or programme
  • Old Age Allowance
  • Year first social pension introduced
  • 1998
  • Legislative Underpinning
  • The Constitution of Bangladesh clause 15(d)


Bangladesh Department of Social Services: Old Age Allowance (webpage)

Eligibility criteria

  • Age of eligibility
  • 65 (men) and 62 (women)
  • Targeting approach
  • Means-tested
  • Detailed eligibility criteria
  • Annual income of 3,000 Taka or less. Priority is given according to a number of health and socio-economic indicators. Those in receipt of other government grants, or regular assistance from the community or NGOs are excluded. Only one recipient per household.
  • References and notes


Bangladesh Department of Social Security: Old Age Allowance (webpage)

Bangladesh Budget 2016-17 (Medium-Term Budgetary Framework, Ministry of Social Welfare)



Ministry of Finance, Budget for Safety Net Programmes 2016-17



Ministry of Finance, Budget for Safety Net Programmes 2016-17


HelpAge International and the Bureau of Economic Research at the University of
Dhaka have written a report on the social protection options for older people in Bangladesh which can be found here, detailed analysis and anexes can be found here

Visit the Government of Bangladesh's website

Resources on the pension in Bangladesh

  • Older citizen monitoring

    Year: 2016 | Published by: HelpAge International

    Author: A. Livingstone, C. Knox-Vydmanov, L. Donaldson and A. Heslop

    This report provides insight into the HelpAge network's experience of older citizen monitoring (OCM) since 2002. OCM is a form of community based monitoring,...

  • Bangladesh Department of Social Security: Old Age Allowance (webpage)

    Year: 2015 | Published by: Department of Social Services: The People's Republic of Bangladesh

    Author: Government of Bangladesh

    This government website provides information on social cash transfers in Bangladesh - including the Old Age Allowance

  • Old age social protection options for Bangladesh Volume 1

    Year: 2013 | Published by: Bureau of Economic Research of the University of Dhaka and HelpAge International

    Author: B. Haque Khondker, C. Knox-Vydmanov and A. Vilela

    This report summaries detailed analysis of the 2010 Bangladesh Household Income and Expenditure surveys. It explores the socio-economic condition of older people in Bangladesh,...

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