Thailand

Basic country data

  • Population 60 and over (2018)
  • 12,207,601
  • % of total
  • 17.7%
  • Population 60 and over (2050)
  • 22,953,917
  • % of total
  • 33.2%
  • Total pension coverage*
  • 91%
  • Type of contributory pension
  • Social insurance, national pension saving fund and government pension system
  • Does the country have a social pension?
  • Yes
  • Region
  • East Asia & Pacific
  • Income group
  • Upper middle income

% of older people (65+) receiving a pension, by type

Data on social pensions

Old Age Allowance

Basic scheme information

Data on social pensions

  • Name of pension or programme
  • Old Age Allowance
  • Year first social pension introduced
  • 1993
  • Legislative Underpinning
  • Established by the Old Age Act, B.E. 2546 (2003), and implemented through the Regulation on Disbursement of Old Age Allowance, B.E. 2552 (2009) and the Regulation on the Criteria and Method for the Disbursement of Subsistence Allowance for Older Persons, B.E. 2552 (2009).

2012

Social protection for older persons: Social pensions in Asia

Eligibility criteria

2012

The Challenges of the Old Age Allowance (ADB One Pager)

Adequacy

  • Monthly benefit (local currency)
  • 600 Baht
  • US$
  • 17
  • % of GDP per capita
  • 3.5%
  • $ PPP
  • 49.4
  • % of $1.90 poverty line (PPP)
  • 85%
  • Local amount detailed/other benefits
  • Transfer amount is tiered according to age. Those aged between 60-69 receive 600 Baht a month. Those aged between 70-79 receive 700 Baht a month. Those aged between 80-89 receive 800 Baht a month. Those over 90 receive 1,000 Baht a month.
  • References and notes

2016

Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board (Thailand)

Coverage

2016

Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board (Thailand)

Cost

In 2011 a tiered benefit level of the Old Age Allowance was introduced, as described in the video below. This sees those of different age groups recieving different transfer amounts: between 60 and 69 years (600 Baht a month), between 70 and 79 (700 Baht), between 80 and 89 (800 Baht) and over 90 (1,000 Baht). 

"Social Protection: A Life Long Necessity", below, provides an insight into the importance of the UN's Social Protection Floor initiative. The third part of the film, produced with support from HelpAge International, focuses on Thailand's Old Age Allowance. The film shows the importance of a social pension not only to older people but also to the wider community.



Resources on the pension in Thailand

Social pensions database

Explore the Social pensions database

Calculator

Calculate the cost of a universal pension in your country