Basic country data

  • Population 60 and over (2018)
  • 2,207,827
  • % of total
  • 4.3%
  • Population 60 and over (2050)
  • 10,134,092
  • % of total
  • 19.9%
  • Does the country have a social pension?
  • Yes
  • Region
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Income group
  • Lower middle income

Data on social pensions

Older Persons Cash Transfer (OPCT)

Basic scheme information

Data on social pensions

  • Name of pension or programme
  • Older Persons Cash Transfer (OPCT)
  • Year first social pension introduced
  • Administrative Organisation
  • Ministry of Labour Social Security and Services
  • Legislative Underpinning
  • The Constitution of Kenya, 2010, Article 43.


Government of Kenya: Older Persons Cash Transfer Programme (Webpage)

The International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth Paper on Scaling up Cash Transfer Programmes in Kenya (April 2015)

Eligibility criteria

  • Age of eligibility
  • 65
  • Targeting approach
  • Means-tested
  • Detailed eligibility criteria
  • Resident in a household identified as extremely poor. Not in reciept of any other pension or cash transfer. Households are ranked according to number of orphans and vulnerable children, people with disabilities and people with chronic illnessses in the household, age of the oldest household member and poverty level of the household.
  • References and notes


Online news article: Kenya Posta Unveils the Older Persons Cash Transfer Programme Payment System



The Kenyan National Treasury's Budget Webpage


  • Number of recipients
  • 310,000
  • Coverage of population over the age of eligibility
  • 24.0%
  • Coverage of population 60+
  • 14.8%
  • References and notes


HelpAge Calculations based on transfer amount and number of beneficiaries


This video, part of HelpAge's longer film Social Protection for Older People in Africa, focusses on the challenges of delivering cash in remote areas and how this has been resolved in Kenya.

The video below shows beneficiaries of the social pension in Turkana in North-west Kenya singing a traditional song alongside members of their community.

Resources on the pension in Kenya

  • Older citizen monitoring

    Year: 2016 | Published by: HelpAge International

    Author: A. Livingstone, C. Knox-Vydmanov, L. Donaldson and A. Heslop

    This report provides insight into the HelpAge network's experience of older citizen monitoring (OCM) since 2002. OCM is a form of community based monitoring,...

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