Brazil

Basic country data

  • Population 60 and over (2018)
  • 27,541,731
  • % of total
  • 13.1%
  • Population 60 and over (2050)
  • 68,870,888
  • % of total
  • 32.7%
  • Type of contributory pension
  • Social insurance system
  • Does the country have a social pension?
  • Yes
  • Region
  • Latin America & Caribbean
  • Income group
  • Upper middle income

% of older people (65+) receiving a pension, by type

Data on social pensions

Brazil has 2 pension schemes.

Previdencia Rural (Rural Pension)

Basic scheme information

Data on social pensions

Brazil has 2 pension schemes.

  • Name of pension or programme
  • Previdencia Rural (Rural Pension)
  • Year first social pension introduced
  • 1963
  • Administrative Organisation
  • Ministry of Social Security
  • Legislative Underpinning
  • 1988 Constitution incorporated the right to social security; Law nº 8,212, Law nº 8,213

2012

Government of Brazil: Aposentadoria por idade (webpage) (Portuguese)

Eligibility criteria

  • Age of eligibility
  • 60 (men) and 55 (women)
  • Targeting approach
  • Tested on eligibility to pension and individual having worked in agricultural or subsistence production.
  • Detailed eligibility criteria
  • History of 180 months work in rural areas. Must not exceed 90 days per year on non-agricultural economic activities.
  • References and notes

Adequacy

  • Monthly benefit (local currency)
  • 678 Reais
  • US$
  • 300
  • % of GDP per capita
  • 33.3%
  • $ PPP
  • 339.7
  • % of $1.90 poverty line (PPP)
  • 588%
  • Local amount detailed/other benefits
  • The transfer amount is equal to the minimum wage. Benefits are adjusted annually according to changes in the minimum wage.
  • References and notes

2012

Non-contributory social protection programmes in Latin America and the Caribbean database (ECLAC)

Coverage

  • Number of recipients
  • 5,820,780
  • Coverage of population over the age of eligibility
  • 22.1%
  • Coverage of population 60+
  • 27.1%
  • References and notes

2013

HelpAge calculation

Cost

  • Total cost (local currency)
  • 47,357,866,080 Reais
  • Cost as % of GDP
  • 1.0%
  • References and notes

Beneficio de Prestacao Continuada (BPC / Continuous Cash Benefit)

Basic scheme information

Data on social pensions

Brazil has 2 pension schemes.

  • Name of pension or programme
  • Beneficio de Prestacao Continuada (BPC / Continuous Cash Benefit)
  • Year first social pension introduced
  • 1996
  • Legislative Underpinning
  • Law no. 8742 of 1993 and Laws no 12435 and 12470 of 2011.

2012

Government of Brazil: Benefício de Prestação Continuada (webpage) (Portuguese)

Eligibility criteria

2013

Government of Brazil: Benefício de Prestação Continuada (webpage) (Portuguese) and Brazilian Ministry of Work and Employment: Salário Mínimo

Adequacy

2012

Government of Brazil: Benefício de Prestação Continuada (webpage) (Portuguese)

Coverage

2012

HelpAge calcuation

Cost

  • Total cost (local currency)
  • 12,688,800,000 Reais
  • Cost as % of GDP
  • 0.3%
  • References and notes

Resources on the pension in Brazil

Social pensions database

Explore the Social pensions database

Calculator

Calculate the cost of a universal pension in your country